Change txt size?
 

follow
Wild Paper
 

buy handmade paper swatches & samples

Try handmade paper samples & swatches before you buy

buy hand made paper notelets

Buy handmade paper notelets for weddings & anniversaries

Buy water colour paints with natural dyes

Buy watercolour paints with natural dyes

 

Paper History

Wild Paper - Handmade Paper for Every Occasion

Wild Paper handmade paper > Handmade paper > Paper History

  9 Key Dates in the History of Paper-making

A brief history of handmade paper - click on a photo for more information!
 

3500 BCE

2500 BCE

150 BCE

Papyrus | Wild Paper handmade paper

Parchment | Wild Paper handmade paper

Fangmatan paper | Wild Paper handmade paper

Papyrus in Egypt

Parchment in Europe

Oldest paper in China


105 CE

751 CE

1085 CE

Making paper in China | Wild Paper handmade paper

Samarkand | Wild Paper handmade paper

Nuremberg paper mill  | Wild Paper handmade paper

Cai Lun & paper in China

Papermaking in Arabia

Papermaking in Europe


1454 CE

1680 CE

1844 CE

Gutenberg Bible | Wild Paper handmade paper

Hollander Beater | Wild Paper handmade paper

Fourdrinier paper mill | Wild Paper handmade paper

Printing Gutenberg bible

Hollander beater

Wood pulp papermaking

where BCE (Before Common Era) = BC and CE (Common Era) = AD


 

Buy handmade papers | Wild Paper handmade paper

 

 

Buy handmade paper!

 


Papyrus | Wild Paper handmade paper

3500 BCE - Papyrus

Papyrus is a thick, paper-like material produced from the pith of the papyrus plant Cyperus, which was used for writing in Egypt long before the making of paper in China.

Papyrus is made by laminating overlapping layers of plant stem, whilst paper is made from fibres that is completely macerated in water and then re-constituted into a flat sheet on a screen.
 

Parchment | Wild Paper handmade paper

2500 BCE - Parchment in Europe & Asia

Parchment is not paper but is made from animal skin, often calfskin, sheepskin or goatskin, and it is used for writing documents or books. Parchment is limed, scraped and dried under tension. It is not tanned and reacts to changes in humidity, reverting to rawhide if too wet. Vellum refers to calfskin.

The earliest Egyptian documents written on treated leather go back to the Fourth Dynasty around 2500 BCE.
 

Fangmatan paper | Wild Paper handmade paper

150 BCE - oldest paper

Oldest piece of paper for writing was excavated from a tomb at Fangmatan in Gansu province, China, and dates from the early Western Han (179-41 BCE). The occupant of the tomb was buried with a paper map laid on his chest, showing mountains, waterways and roads.

Read more about the early uses of paper in China.

Making paper in China | Wild Paper handmade paper

105 CE - papermaking in China

Papermaking is often traced to an official in the Imperial Chinese court called Cai Lun (Tshai Lun or T'sai Lun), during the Han Dynasty and in about 105 AD.

Cai Lun created writing paper using mulberry and other bast fibres along with fishnets, old rags, and hemp waste, but did not invent papermaking. Cai Lun is probably more important for documenting and improving the paper production process so that it could be used on a larger scale.
 

Samarkand | Wild Paper handmade paper

751 CE - Battle of Talas

Papermaking was confined to China (and later Japan) until 751 CE, when a Chinese army was defeated by an Arab force at the Battle of Talas, in present day Kyrgyzstan.

The secret of papermaking was obtained from Chinese prisoners, which led to the first paper mill in the Islamic world being founded in Samarkand in modern day Uzbekistan. A later mill was founded in Baghdad (in 793).
 

Nuremberg paper mill  | Wild Paper handmade paper

1085 CE - papermaking in Europe

Papermaking came to Europe through the Islamic influence in the Iberian Peninsula and the oldest known paper document in Western Europe is the Mozarab Missal of Silos from the 11th century, probably using Islamic handmade paper. The first recorded paper mill in Europe was in Xątiva, in Spain, in 1151.

Due to their noise and smell, papermills were often required by medieval law to be erected outside the city. The Nuremberg paper mill is the building complex at the lower right corner of this 1493 painting, outside the city walls.
 

Gutenberg Bible | Wild Paper handmade paper

1454 CE - Gutenberg bible

The Gutenberg Bible 42-line Bible was the first major book printed in the West using movable type. The Gutenberg Bible is an edition of the Vulgate, printed by Johannes Gutenberg, in Mainz, in Germany.

Gutenberg invented the printing press and was the first European to print with movable and re-usable metal type.
 

Hollander Beater | Wild Paper handmade paper

1680 CE - Hollander beater

The Hollander beater was developed by the Dutch to produce paper pulp from plant fibre faster than the existing stamp mills. It could produce the same quantity of pulp in one day that a stamp mill would take 8 days to prepare.

However, the Hollander beater used metal blades and a chopping action to cut the raw material, resulting in shorter cellulose fibres and weaker paper. The stamp mill used wooden paddles and the beating process produced longer, more easily hydrated, cellulose fibres.
 

Fourdrinier paper mill | Wild Paper handmade paper

1803 CE - Fourdrinier machine

In the late 18th century, an increase in population and the spread of industry, commerce and education increased the demand for paper beyond the capabilities of hand production, thus providing the impetus for the development of mechanised production.

Nicholas Robert patented a continuous paper making machine, which was improved by Sealy and Henry Fourdrinier, and the original Fourdrinier machine was installed at Frogmore, Hertfordshire, in 1803.
 

where BCE (Before Common Era) = BC and CE (Common Era) = AD


Buy handmade paper (click on a photo):-

A4 printer paper | Wild Paper handmade paper

Gold & Silver Gift Wrap paper | Wild Paper handmade paper

Artists papers & Tissue paper | Wild Paper handmade paper

Handmade Craft papers | Wild Paper handmade paper

A4 computer paper

gold & silver gift wrap

artists papers

craft papers


Top of page

 

How to contact us:-

Wild Paper handmade paper
Studio 1-318, Scott House, The Custard Factory, Gibb Street, Birmingham B9 4DT, UK

Contact: Mike for enquiries on
Tel:       +44 (0)7866 262743 or
Email:    info@wildpaper.co.uk

[about_us] [contact_us] [order_info] [resources] [links]

UK Postage £4.95p on orders up to £60 & free over £60 in UK

Post to Europe + rest of World click here

Special Delivery 

Last updated on 06 April 2017
Website & photos - Mike Roberts ©2006-17 WildPaper handmade paper